Liposuction Birmingham AL Cost And Photos

Liposuction in Birmingham, AL is not a way to lose weight, to solve a similar problem you need to find the cause of obesity.

If there are no global problems with weight, but there is an intrusive local fat, for example, on the stomach or, say, the lower back, that is, a technique that allows anesthesia and hospital stay to solve this problem.

Indication. Local fat deposits in the area:

– Abdomen;
– Second chin;
– Lower back;
– Inner thigh;
– Back;
– Back of the shoulder;
– Areas above the kneecaps.

Another actual indication is the accumulation of fat in the hormone-dependent zone “withers” called in the people “widow’s hump.”

Features of liposuction

When pumping out fat by liposuction, even on large areas, there is practically no trace of the operation;

Cheap Liposuction In Birmingham AL

The operation is easy to transfer and, with further observance of the surgeon’s recommendations, gives a lasting result;

Liposuction can be performed as a separate operation or in combination with other aesthetic operations. In addition, liposuction can also be performed immediately in several problem areas.

Liposuction in Birmingham, AL is not a way to fight obesity! The purpose of liposuction is to correct the contours of the body by eliminating “unnecessary” fat deposits from certain problem areas.

The time of the operation is from 1 to 3 hours, depending on the number of zones and the volume of fat removed. If you want to adjust several zones at once, the operation, accordingly, will take more time.

Contraindications to the procedure:

Varicose veins, thrombophlebitis;
Diseases of internal organs;

Dr Al Cohn, Birmingham Plastic Surgeon Best Liposuction Method

  • diabetes;
  • oncological diseases;
  • Bleeding disorders;
  • infectious diseases;
  • cardiovascular diseases.

Only general contraindications are listed. This procedure requires individual consultation!

Procedure

Liposuction of a small volume (up to 0.26 gallon) is performed under local anesthesia, through small diameter punctures, ultrathin cannulas manufactured by the US vacuum aspirator Victoria Lipos. After the operation and several hours in the hospital, the patient goes home. Ultrasonic liposuction

The method of ultrasonic liposuction is relatively young, but has already gained a certain popularity is carried out in the clinic. This method is a more gentle method of aesthetic correction of the body than its mechanical analog.

During this procedure, the destruction of fat cells does not occur mechanically, but by affecting the problem areas of ultrasonic waves. The ultrasonic wave is inaudible to the human ear, but it resonates perfectly in the membranes of the fat cells, which causes their destruction.

Dr. William J. Hedden, MD, Birmingham Plastic Surgeon – Liposuction

This method allows you to include in the main zones of lipolysis, not only the stomach, thighs and buttocks, but also the hands. With the help of ultrasonic liposuction, fat from the chin and face can be pumped out. The main advantage of this procedure is a very short recovery period. If the patient had to spend about 10 days in a hospital with mechanical removal of subcutaneous fat, after ultrasound liposuction the patient is discharged the next day.

How does ultrasonic liposuction work?

The effect of ultrasound on conglomerates of fat cells leads to the rapid destruction of their resonating membranes. Destroying, fat acquires a viscous consistency.

Such an emulsion is easier to remove from the body by both lipolysis and (if an ultrasound non-surgical procedure – based on natural intervention – surgery) by usual stimulating massages. With this type of lipolysis, fat is removed by the same method as laser liposuction.

Liposuction Is Done To Only Certain Areas Like Thighs, Abdomen, Face, Legs, Breasts, Upper Arms, Etc

Low traumaticity makes ultrasonic liposuction one of the most popular procedures. The destroyed fat cells are also removed through the tubes, but the incisions and the removal process with this kind of pumping out of the fat are less noticeable and almost completely painless. Besides, ultrasonic liposuction practically does not give complications.

Recovery period:

Liposuction in Birmingham, AL always means wearing compression underwear, which we select in advance. Recovery is very comfortable for 2 weeks, during the recovery phase, a medical massage is prescribed to accelerate it. Minimally invasive liposuction for today is the most effective method of correction of body contours.

All Zip Codes in Birmingham, AL: 35201, 35202, 35203, 35204, 35205, 35206, 35207, 35208, 35209, 35210, 35211, 35212, 35213, 35214, 35215, 35216, 35217, 35218, 35219, 35220, 35221, 35222, 35223, 35224, 35226, 35228, 35229, 35231, 35232, 35233, 35234, 35235, 35236, 35237, 35238, 35242, 35243, 35244, 35246, 35249, 35253, 35254, 35255, 35259, 35260, 35261, 35266, 35270, 35282, 35283, 35285, 35287, 35288, 35290, 35291, 35292, 35293, 35294, 35295, 35296, 35297, 35298.

Realself pricing of the best liposuction in 2009:

  1. $1,500 – Dr Adrian Noon – Birmingham, UK – 2009;
  2. $3,000 – birmingham – 2009;
Procedure for liposuction price list in 2010:

Liposuction With Doctor William J. Hedden, MD, Birmingham Plastic Surgeon

  • $11,500 – James C. Grotting, MD, FACS – Birmingham, AL – 2010;
  • $4,000 – William J. Hedden, MD – Birmingham, Alabama – 2010;
  • $4,500 – Dr. Hedden – Birmingham, AL – 2010;
  • $4,500 – William J. Hedden, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2010;
  • $4,700 – Maureen Muecke – Birmingham, AL – 2010;
  • $4,800 – Birmingham – 2010;
  • $6,500 – Birmingham – 2010;
  • $6,750 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2010;
The average price of liposculpture suction is $5910 in 2010 in Birmingham

Smart Liposuction Birmingham AL

Realself prices for body fat removal surgery in 2011:

  1. $4,000 – William J. Hedden, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2011;
  2. $4,775 – Dr. Muecke – Hoover, AL (Birmingham, AL) – 2011;
  3. $5,500 – William J. Hedden, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2011;
  4. $5,700 – Michael Clinton, MD – Birmingham, Alabama – 2011;

Average cost for plastic surgery liposuction is $4990 dollars in 2011 in Birmingham
Realself pricing for surgery in 2012:

  1. $4,000 – William J. Hedden, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2012;
  2. $4,300 – Birmingham – 2012;
  3. $5,000 – Birmingham – 2012;
  4. $5,500 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2012;
  5. $5,850 – Jon Owings, MD – Birmingham, AL (Huntsville, AL) – 2012;
  6. $6,480 – Christopher J. Schaffer, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2012;

Average cost of procedure for liposuction is $4730 dollars in 2012 in Birmingham
The cost of fat suction in 2013:

  • $3,000 – Birmingham – 2013;
  • $3,250 – Paul S. Howard, MD, FACS – Birmingham, AL (Hoover, AL) – 2013;
  • $3,700 – Birmingham – 2013;
  • Where And Who Can Do Liposuction

  • $5,000 – Birmingham – 2013;
  • $5,140 – Christopher J. Schaffer, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2013;
  • $7,500 – Dr. Mtn Brook – Birmingham, AL – 2013;
  • $7,550 – Michael Clinton, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2013;
  • $9,600 – Dr. Schaffer – Birmingham, AL – 2013;

Fat suction surgery average price is $5590 US dollars in 2013 in Birmingham
Liposuction fat removal cost in 2014:

  • $10,000 – Birmingham – 2014;
  • $10,600 – Christopher J. Schaffer, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2014;
  • $3,360 – Christopher J. Schaffer, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2014;
  • $3,600 – William J. Hedden, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2014;
  • $3,800 – Al Cohn, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2014;
  • $5,000 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2014;

Average body liposuction price is $6060 US dollars in 2014 in Birmingham
Dr prices in 2015:

  • $5,000 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2015;
  • $5,200 – William J. Hedden, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2015;
  • $5,500 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2015;
  • Liposuction And Tummy Tuck Patient Photos Results By Dr Jason M. Jack, Birmingham Plastic Surgeon

  • $8,000 – Maureen Muecke, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2015;
  • $8,500 – Dr. Chris at hedden plasic surgery – Birmingham, AL – 2015;

Average cost of procedure for liposuction is $6320 dollars in 2015 in Birmingham
The pricing for procedure in 2016:

  1. $11,000 – Birmingham – 2016;
  2. $2,500 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2016;
  3. $3,500 – Anindya Lahiri, FRCS (Plast) – Birmingham – 2016;
  4. $4,600 – Michael Meininger, MD – Birmingham, MI (Bloomfield Hills, MI) – 2016;
  5. $5,000 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2016;
  6. $5,000 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2016;
  7. $5,500 – Barry Ginsburg, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2016;

Fat suction price range in 2017:

  • $4,700 – Christopher J. Schaffer, MD – Birmingham, AL – 2017;

*The prices are according to the reviews of patients from realself.com website

Liposuction in Birmingham



Before And After Photos Of Lipo Performed By Birmingham Plastic Surgeons


How much does treatment cost in 2018:

  1. $4,200 – Anne Dancey, FRCS(Plas), MBChB(Hons), MMedSci(Hon), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – AAS Ltd, PO Box 17090 , Birmingham, – 2018;
  2. Liposuction Before With Doctor William J. Hedden, MD, Birmingham Plastic Surgeon

  3. $4,200 – Rana Das-Gupta, MBBS, FRCS, London Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 60 Grove End Rd., Hospital of St. John and St. Elizabeth, London, – 2018;
  4. $4,300 – Mehboob Ali, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital , Coleman Hill, Halesowen, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2018;
  5. $4,400 – Reza Nassab, FRCS (Plast), Wilmslow Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Wilmslow Hospital, 52 Alderley Rd., Wilmslow, Cheshire – 2018;
  6. $4,500 – Joanna Skillman, MBChB, FRCS, Worcester Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Spire South Bank Hospital, 139 Bath Rd., Worcester, – 2018;
  7. $4,600 – Kenneth Kok, MBChB, MSc(Hons), FRCS(plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., Westbourne Centre, Birmingham, – 2018;
  8. $4,800 – Elite Surgical – West Midlands Hospital – Birmingham – 2018;
  9. $4,800 – Khurram Khan, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 50 Frederick Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2018;
  10. $4,900 – Demetrius Evriviades, MS, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Priory Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2018;
  11. $5,300 – Chien C. Kat, MD, Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 20 Calthorpe Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2018;
  12. $5,300 – Elite Surgical – Cosmetic Surgery The BMI Priory Hospital – Birmingham – 2018;
  13. $5,400 – Hiroshi Nishikawa, MD, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., The Westbourne Centre , Birmingham , – 2018;
  14. $5,500 – Hiroshi Nishikawa, MD, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., The Westbourne Centre , Birmingham , – 2018;
  15. $5,500 – Mehboob Ali, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital , Coleman Hill, Halesowen, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2018;
  16. Lipodissolve Patient By Doctor Sultan Hassan, MD, FRCS(Plast), London Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon

  17. $5,700 – Jonathan J. Staiano, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Staiano Clinic, 50 Frederick Rd., Birmingham, – 2018;
  18. $5,800 – Guy D. Sterne, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Private Hospital, Halesowen, – 2018;
  19. $6,100 – Effie Katerinaki, MBChB, PhD, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Spire Little Aston Hospital, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham, – 2018;
  20. $6,200 – Kenneth Kok, MBChB, MSc(Hons), FRCS(plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., Westbourne Centre, Birmingham, – 2018;
  21. $6,500 – Kenneth Kok, MBChB, MSc(Hons), FRCS(plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., Westbourne Centre, Birmingham, – 2018;
  22. $6,600 – Anne Dancey, FRCS(Plas), MBChB(Hons), MMedSci(Hon), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – AAS Ltd, PO Box 17090 , Birmingham, – 2018;
  23. $6,800 – Anne Dancey, FRCS(Plas), MBChB(Hons), MMedSci(Hon), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – AAS Ltd, PO Box 17090 , Birmingham, – 2018;
  24. $7,000 – Chien C. Kat, MD, Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 20 Calthorpe Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2018;
  25. $7,000 – Elite Surgical – Cosmetic Surgery The BMI Priory Hospital – Birmingham – 2018;
  26. $7,100 – Rana Das-Gupta, MBBS, FRCS, London Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 60 Grove End Rd., Hospital of St. John and St. Elizabeth, London, – 2018;
  27. $7,200 – Chien C. Kat, MD, Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 20 Calthorpe Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2018;
  28. $7,200 – Jonathan J. Staiano, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Staiano Clinic, 50 Frederick Rd., Birmingham, – 2018;
  29. $7,300 – Hiroshi Nishikawa, MD, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., The Westbourne Centre , Birmingham , – 2018;
  30. $7,400 – The Staiano Clinic – Birmingham – 2018;
  31. $7,800 – Anne Dancey, FRCS(Plas), MBChB(Hons), MMedSci(Hon), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – AAS Ltd, PO Box 17090 , Birmingham, – 2018;
  32. $7,800 – Anne Dancey, FRCS(Plas), MBChB(Hons), MMedSci(Hon), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – AAS Ltd, PO Box 17090 , Birmingham, – 2018;
  33. $7,900 – Guy D. Sterne, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Private Hospital, Halesowen, – 2018;
  34. $7,900 – M. Dalvi Humzah, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital, Colman Hill, Halesowen, West Midlands – 2018;

Realself cost of affordable liposuction in 2019:

  • $4,100 – Elite Surgical – West Midlands Hospital – Birmingham – 2019;
  • $4,400 – Demetrius Evriviades, MS, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Priory Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2019;
  • $4,900 – Demetrius Evriviades, MS, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Priory Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2019;
  • $4,900 – Reza Nassab, FRCS (Plast), Wilmslow Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Wilmslow Hospital, 52 Alderley Rd., Wilmslow, Cheshire – 2019;
  • $5,100 – M. Dalvi Humzah, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital, Colman Hill, Halesowen, West Midlands – 2019;
  • $5,500 – Anindya Lahiri, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – BMI The Priory Hospital, Priory Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2019;
  • $6,000 – The Staiano Clinic – Birmingham – 2019;
  • $6,000 – Thomas Chapman, BSc, MBChB, MRCS, FRCS (Plast), Bristol Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Glen, Redland Hill, Durdham Down, Bristol, Bristol, City of – 2019;
  • $6,300 – Rana Das-Gupta, MBBS, FRCS, London Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 60 Grove End Rd., Hospital of St. John and St. Elizabeth, London, – 2019;
  • $6,600 – Hiroshi Nishikawa, MD, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., The Westbourne Centre , Birmingham , – 2019;
  • $6,900 – Mehboob Ali, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital , Coleman Hill, Halesowen, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2019;
  • $7,000 – Guy D. Sterne, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Private Hospital, Halesowen, – 2019;
  • $7,200 – EF MEDISPA – Edgbaston – 2019;
  • $7,200 – M. Dalvi Humzah, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital, Colman Hill, Halesowen, West Midlands – 2019;
  • $7,400 – Elite Surgical – Cosmetic Surgery The BMI Priory Hospital – Birmingham – 2019;
  • $7,400 – Kat and Co Aesthetics – Birmingham – 2019;
  • $7,500 – EF MEDISPA – Edgbaston – 2019;
  • $7,600 – Joanna Skillman, MBChB, FRCS, Worcester Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Spire South Bank Hospital, 139 Bath Rd., Worcester, – 2019;
  • $7,900 – Sultan Hassan, MD, FRCS(Plast), London Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 9 Harley Street, London, – 2019;
  • $8,000 – Guy D. Sterne, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Private Hospital, Halesowen, – 2019;

The prices for treatment in 2020:

  • $4,100 – Anne Dancey, FRCS(Plas), MBChB(Hons), MMedSci(Hon), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – AAS Ltd, PO Box 17090 , Birmingham, – 2020;
  • $4,400 – Reza Nassab, FRCS (Plast), Wilmslow Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Wilmslow Hospital, 52 Alderley Rd., Wilmslow, Cheshire – 2020;
  • $4,500 – Kenneth Kok, MBChB, MSc(Hons), FRCS(plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., Westbourne Centre, Birmingham, – 2020;
  • $4,600 – Anindya Lahiri, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – BMI The Priory Hospital, Priory Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2020;
  • $4,900 – The Staiano Clinic – Birmingham – 2020;
  • $5,400 – EF MEDISPA – Edgbaston – 2020;
  • $5,800 – Effie Katerinaki, MBChB, PhD, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Spire Little Aston Hospital, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham, – 2020;
  • $5,900 – EF MEDISPA – Edgbaston – 2020;
  • $6,800 – Kenneth Kok, MBChB, MSc(Hons), FRCS(plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., Westbourne Centre, Birmingham, – 2020;
  • $6,900 – Rana Das-Gupta, MBBS, FRCS, London Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 60 Grove End Rd., Hospital of St. John and St. Elizabeth, London, – 2020;
  • $6,900 – Thomas Chapman, BSc, MBChB, MRCS, FRCS (Plast), Bristol Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Glen, Redland Hill, Durdham Down, Bristol, Bristol, City of – 2020;
  • $7,200 – Elite Surgical – Cosmetic Surgery The BMI Priory Hospital – Birmingham – 2020;
  • $7,300 – Jonathan J. Staiano, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Staiano Clinic, 50 Frederick Rd., Birmingham, – 2020;
  • $7,400 – M. Dalvi Humzah, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital, Colman Hill, Halesowen, West Midlands – 2020;
  • $7,500 – M. Dalvi Humzah, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital, Colman Hill, Halesowen, West Midlands – 2020;
  • $7,800 – Jonathan J. Staiano, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – The Staiano Clinic, 50 Frederick Rd., Birmingham, – 2020;
  • $7,900 – Demetrius Evriviades, MS, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Priory Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2020;

Doctor prices for body fat removal surgery in 2021:

  • $4,100 – Anindya Lahiri, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – BMI The Priory Hospital, Priory Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2021;
  • $4,300 – Sultan Hassan, MD, FRCS(Plast), London Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 9 Harley Street, London, – 2021;
  • $4,700 – Guy D. Sterne, MD, Halesowen Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Private Hospital, Halesowen, – 2021;
  • $4,700 – Hiroshi Nishikawa, MD, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 53 Church Rd., The Westbourne Centre , Birmingham , – 2021;
  • $5,200 – Demetrius Evriviades, MS, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Priory Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2021;
  • $5,400 – Elite Surgical – West Midlands Hospital – Birmingham – 2021;
  • $5,500 – Effie Katerinaki, MBChB, PhD, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Spire Little Aston Hospital, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham, – 2021;
  • $5,600 – Mehboob Ali, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – West Midlands Hospital , Coleman Hill, Halesowen, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2021;
  • $5,800 – Demetrius Evriviades, MS, FRCS(Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – Priory Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands – 2021;
  • $6,100 – Elite Surgical – Cosmetic Surgery The BMI Priory Hospital – Birmingham – 2021;
  • $6,700 – The Staiano Clinic – Birmingham – 2021;
  • $7,000 – Rana Das-Gupta, MBBS, FRCS, London Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 60 Grove End Rd., Hospital of St. John and St. Elizabeth, London, – 2021;
  • $7,100 – Anindya Lahiri, FRCS (Plast), Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – BMI The Priory Hospital, Priory Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2021;
  • $7,500 – Chien C. Kat, MD, Birmingham Specialist Registered Plastic Surgeon – 20 Calthorpe Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham, – 2021;